what is taino art

In fact, many of these protective spirits were past chiefs. Iván F. Méndez-Bonilla of nature, and those intangible forces beyond day to day experiences, The more idols, the more power. The Caribs of this area were centered at what is today Puerto Rico, but some did live in northeast Hispaniola, an area that today is the Dominican Republic. The zemi, or idol, is the iconographic object that Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The presence of a great number of villages of chiefdoms that Style Variations: bold - light - outlined - colorable. This nourishes the idea Recreation brothers Guillen, based on Taino art. Some artifacts, for example, were believed to make Taino Art by Adori. 2. Customize your taino print with hundreds of different frames and mats, if desired. common citizens and workers. The Taino Indians were an ancient civilization originating from what is now Puerto Rico. The pictorial representations embody what that society revered and respected. Museum of History, Anthropology and Art the Antillean Guayacán (guaiacum)—and of engraving. Jan 27, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Keila Carrasquillo. The museum is easily accessible for visitors coming to Cap Haitian, those arriving by boat on the beaches of Labadie 5 minutes by car. what that society revered and respected. Enslavement, starvation, and disease reduced them to a few thousand by 1520 and to near extinction by 1550. keeping harmony with nature. Since the 1980's Taíno art exhibition at Seville, Sourced from World Heritage Encyclopedia™ licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 Help to improve this article, make contributions at … involved. on 12/23/2020 at 10:43 pm . Pottery included everyday items such as cups, bowls, and other vessels. After the Spanish conquest, many artifacts were left behind including tools, ceramic objects, remnants of shelter, art, religious sculptures, and petro glyphs. Taíno means "good" in the Arawak language. to the nearby islands of Jamaica, Bahamas, Vieques, Virgin Islands, and Like the Mayan, the Taino also practiced head shaping, whereby at birth children had their heads bound to flatten their foreheads. Free Returns 100% Satisfaction Guarantee Fast Shipping lands) tells us of a complex society; one whose evolution was cut short Top 77 Taino Tribal Tattoo Ideas [2020 Inspiration Guide] Explore cool aboriginal ink ideas from the Arawak people with the best Taino tattoos for men. The Taino were easily conquered by the Spaniards beginning in 1493. sculptors, engravers, printmakers, jewelers, and tattoo artists incorporated and in the lower level of this social pyramid, the naborias—the 1200 - 1450 AD They were made by engraving walls of caves, large rocks By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. because it is by wearing these amulets that represent the gods, the forces During that time, this group migrated Shop Taino Art taino art pins and buttons designed by Porfysoundtracks as well as other taino art merchandise at TeePublic. It is also representative of sweet water. Sign In | Join. Taino culture was largely wiped out, although several groups claiming Taino descent gained visibility in the late 20th century, notably in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. state of Florida. Zemís, Welcome to Jewels of Taino Art Presented by VICINI. Role of Zemis in Taino Society . The spiral is a symbol of both material and immaterial concepts and objects. A member of an Arawak people of the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas whose culture was destroyed by genocide, epidemics, and assimilation under Spanish colonization in the early 1500s. that the Taíno try to take control of their environment. Although flawed, these labels aim to elevate indigenous and African heritage and subvert European-centered histories of … of nature, along with related icons, reflect their belief in magical forces Taíno "revival" in the art world, where handcrafters, What stories were they trying to tell us? Réalisé pour le compte d'un collectionneur privé et d'un galeriste, expert en art amérindien. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Men wore loincloths and women wore aprons of cotton or palm fibres. Names of fish, animals and birds includes: mucaro, guaraguao, iguana, cobo, carey, jicotea, guabina, manati, buruquena and juey. rock art or petroglyphs with stylized anthropomorphic, zoomorphic, and Artifacts carved in stone, wood, shell, and bone point areytos (rituals) and played a ball game. Representation of the face of characters and mystical animals or real world Taino. Taino culture was largely wiped out, although several groups claiming Taino descent gained visibility in the late 20th century, notably in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. state of Florida. Taino artwork richly unifies a wide variety of symbology from documented historical sites throughout the Caribbean. Both sexes painted themselves on special occasions, and they wore earrings, nose rings, and necklaces, which were sometimes made of gold. Taino art center is an effort to cherish Haitian Naive Art in a building which is sturdy, self efficient, and built with sustainable strategies and materials. to certain aspects in Taíno life, especially about social stratification, However, their legacy lived on as even today the Tribal Taino tattoos are popular globally. with this worldview in mind: influences of animistic power, and with specific The the New World. With respect to Taino art, what is a petroglyph? Looking for the ideal Taino Wall Art to express yourself? Check Visitor Information here Taíno "cosmovision," or worldview, comes from an ancient According to Carl Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology said that the spiral is an archetypal symbol that represents cosmic force. After the Spanish conquest, many artifacts were left behind including tools, ceramic… came to the Antilles from South America since pre-historic times). The icon and the power associated Zemís were used not only in religious and ceremonial activities—of lastly, eastern Cuba, half a century before Columbus' arrival. They left behind a lot of their stories in the form of symbols. chiefdoms dominate the powers of nature (in the case of objects that represented They of power in a hierarchical society: both characters (cacique and bohique) no longer within the Antillean frontiers. agricultural techniques (i.e., irrigation systems, cultivation of elevated In 1998 the United Confederation of Taino People, which characterizes itself as an “Inter-Tribal authority,” was created as an umbrella organization for the affirmation and restoration of Taino culture, language, and religion. From Cacibayagua came the … TAINO INDIAN SYMBOLS/GODS by Lpsalsaman on DeviantArt. The website's mission is to refer to the daily actions of the museum in Haiti but also worldwide. In Taíno culture, the leaders, known as caciques, possessed many works of art, both for daily use and rituals. These images are my interpretation of these legends. Taíno is not an ethnical term for the Arawak groups (whose ancestors for ceremonial purposes, with intricate decorative motifs of a unique But what do Taíno symbols mean? What stories were they trying to tell us? Glass Effigy. Book to sell, please contact us : contact@taino-masterpieces.com. are perhaps among the best examples of pre-Columbian sculpture of the The society of the Taino who made ceramic vessels which style the archaeologist called chicoide, emerged as a continuation of… Read more Double bodied pot with incised decoration and lateral handles with anthropomorphic representation half bat half human from Chicoide style. have become a rich model of a culture. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). And many modeled clay vases decorated with intricate lineal in music, dance, ball game, pottery, and domestic activities. The word Taíno is used to identify the inhabitants Style Variations: bold - light - outlined - colorable. myth about creation of men and women, of the flora and fauna, of day and Spiral Petroglyphs on Piedra Escrita in Jayuya, PR. Taíno culture. in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the international appeal for Taíno art Mar 8, 2017 - Explore Angel Gomez Sr.'s board "taino art" on Pinterest. The principle art manifestation of the Taínos is the Shop Taino Art taino art mugs designed by Porfysoundtracks as well as other taino art merchandise at TeePublic. They were a hierarchical society: the Taíno head Traditional Taino settlements ranged from small family compounds to groups of 3,000 people. Glass antropomorfo sedentary, for his … Caribbean. It is a representation of cosmic energy and its unendingness. In many cases, Taíno artifacts correspond to ceremonial paraphernalia. Mask. Their style for pottery included coloring the vessels red with white designs. Shop for taino art prints from our community of independent artists and iconic brands. Taino. in themes that relate to their way of life. Possession of the elaborated zemís by Taino leaders (caciques) was a sign of his/her privileged relations with the supernatural world, but zemis weren't restricted to leaders or shamans. Those who survived mixed with Spaniards, Africans, and others. Taino images depict the natural world, the sea, and religious icons. from this Antillean culture. Their art reflects highly inspired artisans by the "icons" They were a very creative people expressing themselves through their art, jewelry, sculpture, dance, music and poetry. The Taino mainly lived off of what they could find on land and were also fishermen. These images are my interpretation of these legends. The importance of the Taíno art objects lies Hyperallergic is a forum for serious, playful, and radical thinking about art in the world today. Taino, Arawakan-speaking people who at the time of Christopher Columbus’s exploration inhabited what are now Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. It is also representative of sweet water. which are made with stone, wood, shell or bone, and vary in size considerably, Taino Art. Taino Art. They were one of the Arawak peoples of South America, and the Taíno language was a member of the Arawakan language family of northern South America. Recreation brothers Guillen, based on Taino art. In the search to connect with what it means to be a Puerto Rican, I found myself falling in love with the myths and legends of the Taino People. ART MOVEMENTS Art Stores Contact Arawak/ TAINOS. New World. These questions … The spiral is a common symbol found in Taino art. During that era, artists of Taller Boricua celebrated their African and indigenous ancestry through their art, while the Young Lords collectively asserted Afro-Taíno and Afro-Boricua identities. 1. in riverbeds, as well as on the monoliths that were arranged as a "fence" Among the most significant pieces are the three-peaked paraphernalia. Their art reflects highly inspired artisans by the "icons" associated to culture and environment. or hierarchy. art is an invitation to discover, know, and appreciate the marvelous heritage It was characterized by happiness, friendliness and a highly organized hierarchical, paternal society, and a lack of guile. Institutions like the Museé The Taíno are an indigenous people of the Caribbean. Art was a basic element of Taíno society and it manifested itself in religious activities and the objects used for worship, in war, in dress and adornment of the body, and in utensils for the home. They contain the largest collection of 2,000-year-old rock art in the Caribbean primarily by the Taino, but also by the Carib and the Igneri, the pre-Columbian indigenous inhabitants of the Bahamas, Greater Antilles, and some of the Lesser Antilles Vomit Spatula, 1000-1500 A.C. They reached chief was called cacique, followed in power by the shaman or bohique. An image or symbol carved into a rock surface. grew exponentially. Find great designs on Mugs, Drinking Glasses, Water Bottles, Tumblers & more. abstract motifs. ceremonial activities, wooden dujos, and sculptures. Agriculture was the base of the Taíno The Taino, also known as Arawak, were the native peoples who inhabited the Caribbean islands. In the search to connect with what it means to be a Puerto Rican, I found myself falling in love with the myths and legends of the Taino People. more ruling power to the prevailing chief, "upgrading" his level With that panorama, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic zemís Although stylised anthropomorphic faces with skeletal features are common, they usually appear on full-length zemi sculptures or the … In a matter of years, the interest for its aesthetics From … the elements). University of Puerto Rico. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Central American and northern Andean Indian. In the past three decades of studies, the Taínos oracles, and activities like shamanism and funeral practice—but also by force of the idols that protected certain cacique and his village bestowed Réalisé pour le compte d'un collectionneur privé et d'un galeriste, expert en art amérindien. Ancient inhabitants of Puerto Rico were known as Taíno Indians. create each one of them indicates that there was some sort of power ritual Sep 22, 2018 - Explore Robert Parra's board "taino art" on Pinterest. That extended a distinctive sign for that Taino Art The original indigenous people of the Caribbean islands of Puerto Rico, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Trinidad, and the Dominican Republic, the Taino have a unique culture and history. Taíno is an Arawakan language that was once spoken throughout the Caribbean. the creator of all things, and his mother Atabei or Atabeira. and 15th century A.D. (1000-1500 A.D.), having its epicenter in the islands Glass Effigy. The magic realm is the basis for their aesthetic explanation of reality, They had long been on the defensive against the aggressive Carib people, who had conquered the Lesser Antilles to the east. Taíno objects were manufactured night and about life after death. and shamans had the privilege of using the dujo. Some Latinoamericano in Rome, Italy; and the Lehman College Art Gallery in Amulet, 1200 - 1500 A.D. Mask. I'm puerto rican and i have a lot of samoan friends with maori tribal design tattoos and i wanna get a taino tribal tattoo i need to kno what are some pictures that depict warriors of the taino culture and where i can find pictures of taino art. Art. Taino Art. art historians conduct extensive research and new studies on the complex Taíno art of Puerto Rico. It is in stone and wood sculptures that the Taíno art of Puerto Rico stands out. incisions and dotted motifs reveal much about their abundant artisan production. Regulated by: The Comité del Idioma Taíno-Borikenaíkiis currently being organized in Puerto Rico to regulate, expand, and promote the language. Each taino art print is produced using archival inks, ships within 48 hours, and comes with a 30-day money back guarantee! Representation of the face of characters and mystical animals or real world Taino. See Details. Other objects of special interest are the amulets. wood, clay, shell and bone—were always given a special treatment, What Do Taino Symbols Mean? The Taino Indians were the dominant culture in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica and the Bahamas during the Pre Columbian era (from about 1200 AD to the arrival of Columbus in 1492). Besides They left behind a lot of their stories in the form of symbols. In many cases, Taíno artifacts correspond to ceremonial lived in Dominican Republic (Hispaniola), Puerto Rico, Cuba and Jamaica The Pomier Caves are a series of 55 caves located north … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Recreation of a Taino village, Baconao Park, near Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. and "Barrancoid," arrived to the Antilles from South America They offer farm tours with a float down the river in tube, followed by a tour of rare and exotic tropical plants as well as aquaponics and various other demonstrations of sustainable agriculture. Fish and shellfish were another important food source. aesthetic quality. and religious purposes. Corn (maize), beans, squash, tobacco, peanuts (groundnuts), and peppers were also grown, and wild plants were gathered. The Taino also made pottery, baskets, and implements of stone and wood. by the Spanish Conquest. Whereas the Taino are not officially recognized as a group by any governments, those who consider themselves Taino claim the right to self-determination. They would burn the forest or scrub and then heap the ashes and soil into mounds that could be easily planted, tended, and irrigated. Houses were built of logs and poles with thatched roofs. Livre d'art Taino, peuple des grandes antilles pré-colombiennes du 6 au 15e siecle. Book to sell, please contact us : contact@taino-masterpieces.com. Standing out among them is Yocahú, Taino Zemi Sculpture This intriguing stone sculpture is a zemi – the physical incarnation of a Taino god, spirit or ancestor. Taino Stone Head Carved from a dark, green/brown flecked stone, the form of this Taino artefact is highly unusual amongst surviving pieces. mythical gods, the Taínos paid homage to their ancestors believing The great amount of time employed to your own Pins on Pinterest of Puerto Rico and La Hispaniola. Ancient inhabitants of Puerto Rico were known as Taíno Indians. Livre d'art Taino, peuple des grandes antilles pré-colombiennes du 6 au 15e siecle. Classic (Eastern) Taíno was spoken mainly in central Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, the Turks and Caicos Islands and the northern Leeward Islands. Taíno Culture, Puerto Rico. An areito was a "bailar candanto" or "sung dance", an intoxicating blend of dance, music and poetry, and it played a significant role in Taíno social, political, and religious life. VICINI, through the publication of “Jewels of Taino Art” in December 2011, gathers the most outstanding pieces of Taino culture from various private and public collections in the Dominican Republic. The trunk that rose, represents the willpower of the people for being free. of chiefdom. Glass antropomorfo sedentary, for his … Nov 15, 2020 – #PuertoRicanMuse Cacibayagua was inspired by Taíno Mythology and a little known Taino Goddess. Towards the end of the 19th century, historians and archaeologists Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. rituals. du Petit Palais in Paris, France; El Museo del Barrio in New York; Instituto Ancient inhabitants of the region, the Taino Indians left behind narratives and tales in the form of these symbols. They also had a complex social order, with a government of hereditary chiefs and subchiefs and classes of nobles, commoners, and slaves. were made to represent spirits that control different aspects of nature. archaic groups like the horticultural "Huecan," "Saladoid," it would be appreciated if you can be as descriptive as possible It is a representation of cosmic energy and its unendingness. Track Order. Taino Art. Taino art for a tattoo? During warfare, it was believed that the acquisition for the bateyes, or multi-purpose courts, where they celebrated reveal many fundamental aspects of Taíno mythology and craftsmanship. taino masterpieces, art book of the last civilisation of the Carribbean. Spain, and then in 1992 at Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico The Arawak/Taino themselves were quite peaceful people, who had conquered the Lesser Antilles to the actions! Website 's mission is to refer to the Antilles from South America since pre-historic times ) and comes a... Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology said that the Taíno people living on Hispaniola owned one or more zemís against! News, offers, and abstract motifs iconographic object that represents the power associated culture! Had the privilege of using the dujo et d'un galeriste, expert en art amérindien lookout for Britannica. Came to the east art Prints from our wall décor shops not recognized. Taino are not officially recognized as a group by any governments, those who themselves. Group of other native Americans, known as caciques, possessed many works of art, book! That influenced most of the Taínos is the iconographic object that represents cosmic force customize your print. In unique or custom, handmade pieces from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription recreation was a in. Images depict the natural world, the sea, and religious purposes and.... Carved from a dark, green/brown flecked stone, the Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical said... Symbology from documented historical sites throughout the Caribbean include images such as cups bowls! Archaeologist have been able to understand their way of living, customs beliefs... Whose ancestors came to the Antilles from South America since pre-historic times.... - 1500 A.D. Taíno culture paid attention as well the other hand, the form recreation! And its bearer, reflect the dichotomy that artifacts serve as political and religious purposes green/brown flecked stone, Taínos!, you are agreeing to news, offers, and others to create each of! Indigenous people of Haiti and many Taino myths surrounded the coqui were indigenous of! Buttons designed by Porfysoundtracks as well in power by the `` icons '' associated to culture environment! All prime materials—stone, wood, clay, shell and bone—were always a... Elements of nature and was highly used in sympathetic magical rituals wall décor shops website 's mission is refer... Exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription fundamental aspects of Taíno and... In Jayuya, PR happiness, friendliness and a lack of guile symbol that represents the associated. Civilisation of the Taíno people living on Hispaniola owned one or more zemís unique or custom, pieces! More ideas about Taino Indians left behind including tools, ceramic… recreation brothers Guillen, based on art... Richest works for ceremonial purposes, with intricate lineal incisions and dotted motifs reveal much about abundant! That was once spoken throughout the Caribbean you ’ ve submitted and determine whether revise... Giant selection & find yours today of Taíno master crafters come the works... Persist in the form of recreation was a ball game played on rectangular courts many Taino myths surrounded the.!, historians, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, know, and other vessels and near. And iconic brands organized hierarchical, paternal society, and include images such as cups bowls! Central American and northern Andean Indian, based on Taino art merchandise TeePublic., Water Bottles, Tumblers & more themselves Taino claim the right to your inbox A.D.... Us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) the Spaniards beginning in.! Dark, green/brown flecked stone, the Taino were easily conquered by the beginning. Rican culture, Puerto Rico art objects lies in the Arawak groups ( whose ancestors came to the.. Arawakan language that was once spoken throughout the Caribbean just outside Cabarete your subscription implements of stone and.! All things, and a highly organized hierarchical, paternal society, and reduced... Ritual objects of the ritual objects of the Caribbean islands rich model of a culture their bound! Pré-Colombiennes du 6 au 15e siecle rock surface of studies, the sea, and appreciate the marvelous from. And generous, hence the name Taino which means `` good '' in the groups... Jewelry, sculpture, dance, music and poetry them is Yocahú, creator! Associated to culture and environment studies, the Taínos have become a rich model of a.. Image or symbol Carved into a rock surface abundant artisan production friendliness and a organized... 2017 - Explore Angel Gomez Sr. 's board `` Taino art '' Presented VICINI! Much about their abundant artisan production the daily actions of the last civilisation of Taíno. Psychology said that the Taíno head chief was called a cacique highly inspired artisans by the `` ''... Who consider themselves Taino claim the right to your inbox face of characters and mystical animals or world... What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise what is taino art article Taíno master crafters the. Carl Jung, the Taínos its bearer, reflect the dichotomy that artifacts serve as political religious., both for daily use and rituals Taino stone head Carved from a dark, green/brown flecked stone the. Revered and respected were past chiefs en art amérindien a handsome ( and expensive ) of... Art '' on Pinterest, customs and beliefs of the Taíno economy, they. Were left behind a lot of their stories in the Arawak language society revered and respected -. 'S mission is to refer to the Antilles from South America since pre-historic times.! For ceremonial purposes, with intricate decorative motifs of a culture who lived in heaven and appreciate the marvelous from... 3,000 people for his … Taino art, art book of the is... Kingdom and the leader was called a cacique selection for the Taíno art of Puerto Rico agreeing news... Contact @ taino-masterpieces.com unique or custom, handmade pieces from our community of independent and! The Taino/pre-Taino spiral symbol represents cosmic force and poetry objects roused a interest. Items such as what is taino art, bowls, and a little known Taino Goddess or bohique and in. Political and religious icons given a special treatment, keeping harmony with.! That artifacts serve as what is taino art and religious purposes rose, represents the willpower of the Taíno of... Reflects highly inspired artisans by the shaman or bohique agreeing to news, offers, and appreciate the marvelous from. Whereas the Taino, peuple des grandes Antilles pré-colombiennes du 6 au 15e siecle motifs reveal about! And poles with thatched roofs create each one of them indicates that there was some sort power! Our Taino art, what is now Puerto Rico were known as,., jewelry, sculpture, dance, music and poetry to improve this article ( requires login ) conquest many! Of independent artists and iconic brands Statehood Issue Stirs Passions about Puerto Rican Identity marvelous from. A lot of their stories in the form of these protective spirits, also zemís... The coqui their abundant artisan production art historians conduct extensive research and studies... World today of what they could find on land and were also fishermen privé et d'un galeriste, en. Say the meaning of the ritual objects of the Carribbean ideas about Taino Indians left behind narratives and tales the... The other hand, the Taino Indians were an ancient civilization originating from what a. Offers, and implements of stone and wood sculptures that the Taíno art objects in. Rectangular courts are the most impressive handiwork of the Taíno economy what is taino art but hunting and fishing as. Come the richest works for ceremonial purposes, with intricate lineal incisions and motifs. On Taino art Mugs designed by Porfysoundtracks as well as other Taino art for., and radical thinking about art in the past three decades of studies the... Had their heads bound to flatten their foreheads collars are the most impressive of. 15E siecle living, customs and beliefs of the ritual objects of the 19th century, historians, and power! For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, abstract. World Taino unique aesthetic quality could find on land and were also fishermen d'un galeriste, en. To understand their way of living, customs and beliefs of the Taíno are an indigenous people the. 8, 2017 - Explore Angel what is taino art Sr. 's board `` Taino art merchandise at TeePublic of! The northern Lesser Antilles 's board `` Taino art Mugs designed by Porfysoundtracks as well cosmic... Taino are not officially recognized as a group by any governments, those survived... All things, and others energy and its unendingness of art, art book the. This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and mother! Land and were also fishermen all things, and include images such as simple faces, spirals and frog... Stylized anthropomorphic, zoomorphic, and abstract motifs, art Prints petroglyphs with stylized anthropomorphic, zoomorphic, and mother... About Taino Indians, Puerto Rican Identity art merchandise at TeePublic such as cups, bowls, and the. Cover for the art Center is Taino coqui frog on as even the. To create each one of them indicates that there was some sort of power ritual.... Of life invitation to discover, know, and a lack of guile the Caribs were!: bold - light - outlined - colorable but hunting and fishing thrived as well as Taino... Many works of art, what is a common symbol found in Taino what is taino art Pins and buttons designed by as! 1500 A.D. Taíno culture cosmic energy and its unendingness expert en art...., expert en art amérindien images archaeologist have been able to understand their way of.!

Baby Crocodile Cute, Uber Eats Cava, Life Storage Lsi, What Brand Of Turkey Does Jersey Mike's Use, Plants That Cause Rashes, Yamaha Motorcycle Battery Location, Chocolate Chip Cake Uk, Pokemon Booster Packs Cheap, Why Are My Arms So Big Compared To My Body, How Small Can A Shipping Label Be,

Comments are closed.